"Foreign"objects during the Bronze Age: The change of function and significance of artefacts
Prehistory of Europe
Supervision: Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Krause
At the beginning of the European Bronze Age the contact between central Europe and the eastern Mediterranean increased drastically. Besides the exchange of raw materials and the long-range dispersion of similar types this exchange can be determined through imports. It is striking, that these are primarily local imitations, not imports as such. The inflated, unique objects occupy a special role within the cultural sphere. The slotted blade of the hoard form Khyna, Saxony represents such an artifact for the early Bronze Age. Other remarkable examples for the middle Bronze Age are the “Mycenaeanâ€ gold plates and the amber seals of Bernstorf.
Accordingly, the question of the extend of exchange, the acquisition and alteration of value and value proposition and the associated spiritual-religious perception between the eastern Mediterranean and Central Europe must be posed. The initial point for the study are the finds form Bernstorf. The standing in the regional context as well as parallels in the eastern Mediterranean has to be clarified (the crown-like tiara of Bernstorf shows striking similarities with exemplars from the shaft graves in Mycenae). Furthermore I will examine in which extend these objects have been translated into the period costume of the European cultural groups. And it has to be verified, if similar objects could be found in sacral context. In addition, I will analyze to which extend this transfer of values has taken place form Central Europe to the eastern Mediterranean. Baltic amber may have played an importuned roll for these transfers.